Students’ Common Errors in Working with Fractions

When teaching Fractions, teachers should be watchful for students’ basic misguided judgments that prompt to mistakes in calculation.

Trusting that portion’ numerators and denominators can be dealt with as entire independent numbers.

Students who like adding or subtracting fractions the numerators and denominators of two parts, for instance, 2/4 + 5/4 = 7/8. The students neglect to perceive the relationship between the denominator, i.e. that the denominator is the quantity of equivalent amounts of into which one entire is partitioned and that the numerator implies the number of those parts. The way that numerators and denominators are regarded as entire numbers in augmentation just adds to the perplexity.

Subtracting Fractions
Subtracting Fractions

To conquer this misinterpretation, display a genuine issue. Ask students a question this way: “if you have 3/4 of an orange as well as give 1/3 of it to a companion, what division of the first orange do you have left?” Subtracting the numerators and denominators independently would bring about a reply of 2/1 or 2. Students ought to instantly perceive that it is difficult, to begin with 3/4 of an orange, give some of it away, and wind up with two oranges. Such cases help students see why regarding numerators and denominators as isolated entire numbers are improper and will make them more responsive to a fitting methodology.

If you fail to locate a shared factor while Adding or subtracting fractions with not at all like denominators.

Students frequently neglect to change over portions to a common, proportional denominator before adding or subtracting them, and rather only utilize the bigger of the two denominators in the reply (e.g., 4/5 + 4/10=8/10). Students don’t comprehend that diverse denominators reflect distinctively measured unit divisions and that adding and subtracting parts requires a typical unit portion (i.e. denominator).

The same basic confusion can lead students to make a similar mistake: Changing the denominator of a portion without rolling out a relating improvement to the numerator—for instance, changing over the issue 2/3 + 2/6 to 2/6 + 2/6. Number lines as well as other visual representations that show proportionate portions are extremely useful.

They believe that lone entire numbers should be added or subtracted with a fraction.

While adding or Subtracting Fractions, there is a high probability that students may disregard the partial parts, and work just with the entire numbers. Students either work on an issue they don’t comprehend, a misconception the significance of blended numbers or expecting that such issues essentially have no arrangement.

A related misguided judgment is feeling that entire numbers have an indistinguishable denominator from a part of the issue. This misinterpretation may lead students to decipher the issue 4 – 3/8 into 4/8 – 3/8 and discover a reply of 1/8. At the point when given a blended number, students with such a misguided judgment may add the entire number to the numerator, like (3/3 + 1/3) × 6/7 = 4/3 × 6/7 = 24/21.

Leaving the denominator unaltered in part expansion and augmentation issues. Students regularly exit the denominator unaltered on part duplication issues that have to break even with denominators (for instance, 2/3 × 1/3 = 2/3). It may happen because students experience more portion expansion issues than division increase issues. They mistakenly apply the right system for managing measure up to denominators on expansion issues to duplication.